A kidney transplant is a life-saving treatment for people with kidney failure. The transplanted kidney takes over the work of the two failing kidneys and allows the patient to live without dialysis. Kidney transplantation is a complex and expensive procedure with a number of potential risks and side effects. It is important that patients and their families understand these risks and side effects and what they can do to minimize them. The most important thing a kidney transplant patient can do to ensure a successful transplant is to take their medications as prescribed and to follow their transplant team‘s instructions. Patients should also eat a healthy diet, exercise regularly, and avoid smoking and excessive alcohol consumption. These lifestyle choices will help to ensure a successful transplant and a healthy life.
A transplant patient’s body responds to the surgery in the same way that it normally does. It can be difficult to diagnose rejection in its early stages and, more often than not, it will not go away after it has started. Anti-rejection medications reduce your body’s natural immune response to foreign substances (such as a transplanted kidney). The drugs suppress your immune system while also preventing your body from rejecting the new kidney that you received. You and your transplanted kidney should detect and treat any infections as soon as possible to keep them from becoming infected. It is possible to become extremely ill as a result of being exposed to diseases such as the flu or pneumonia. Vaccines protect your body from infections.
The majority of vaccines do not protect you well after receiving a transplant. You can suffer serious damage to your heart, blood vessels, eyes, feet, and nerves if you have high blood sugar levels caused by diabetes or non-alcoholic diabetes. When you are taking corticosteroid medications (such as prednisone), your blood sugar levels will improve as your dose of this medication decreases. After receiving a kidney transplant, it is highly likely that you will gain weight. Excess weight can lead to obesity, which is characterized by too much body fat. Obesity increases the risk of heart disease and type 2 diabetes after a transplant. Your doctor and dietitian can work with you to develop a plan to keep you healthy.
Medication side effects, prior kidney disease, diabetes, smoking, lack of exercise, menopause, or a history of kidney disease are all possible reasons for chronic kidney disease-multi-binocular disease (CKD-MBD). When there is a disease of the bones, you are more likely to get bones that are weak and brittle. When blood uric acid levels are high, crystals form in joints as a result of gout. Gout and elevated blood uric acid levels can be caused by medications such as cyclosporine. Prior health issues, sleep disorders, or stress from the transplant themselves may all be to blame for depression and anxiety. As a result of a healthy lifestyle, it is possible to reduce a variety of conditions such as new onset diabetes after transplant. You can get additional assistance if you are having difficulty paying for your medications.
The Social Security Administration can assist you with Medicare prescription drug costs. You can learn about ways to save money on your medication using pharmaceutical company programs and other resources with RxAssist. ( Chronic kidney disease bone and mineral disorder) – This is a condition that affects the bones and blood vessels. The liver is irritated and swollen as a result of Hepatitis B (HepB). The blood has a high level of uric acid, which indicates hyperuricemia. – A fatty substance found in the blood that can be detected in the NODAT (new onset diabetes after transplant) – Diabetes that develops after a transplant. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are used to treat inflammation and mild to moderate pain.
In most cases, transplant recipients can return to work and their normal daily activities within eight weeks. Lifting objects weighing more than 10 pounds or exercising other than walking until the wound heals (usually around six weeks after surgery) are not recommended. As you recover, have regular checkups to ensure that you are on track.